tulips

Fundamentals

-

The paper on patch-clamping by Erwin Neher and Bert Sakmann (1976) has been selected as 1 out of 10 extraordinary Nature papers.

highway with cars

Fundamentals

-

Every cell possesses a variety of sophisticated membrane transport systems allowing for control of the intracellular environment.

Galvani experiment

Fundamentals

-

Before the 1660s the Theory of Animal Spirits dominated thinking regarding the function of the nervous system. “Animal spirits” (originating in the brain) were believed to control movements of the body by flowing through the nerves into the muscles.

Alfred Nobel

Fundamentals

-

The scientific community has recognized the crucial importance of ion channel research by four Nobel Prizes for the discoveries concerning the structure and function of ion channels.

ion channel surface

Fundamentals

-

See how different scientists define ion channels.

a hand with lightnings inside

Fundamentals

-

“… ion channels are the most important single class of proteins that exist in the human body or any body…” - Clay Armstrong